Property investors learn how to claim the maximum building allowance
Let’s take a look at good old fashioned bricks and mortar. Or what the Government calls the Building Allowance.
The Building Allowance is a deduction that enables property investors to offset the hard construction costs of their investment property against their assessable income.
Hard construction costs may include concrete, brickwork and common property items that are not plant and equipment, and even excavation. This deduction is allowed under Division 43 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997, which sets out deductions for capital works.
Whilst you can no longer claim depreciation on plant and equipment in second-hand investment properties, that’s the things like ovens, dishwasher etc.
You can still claim the structure of the building, that’s, the bricks, concrete, windows, tiling, etc., provided the residential property was built after 1987.
And these costs typically represent about 85% of the construction cost of the property.
And that’s good news, but I want to turn it into great news!
Up until now, when you ordered a depreciation report, quantity surveyors give you a lump total for your building allowance, based on the Government’s guidelines that these items last approximately 40 years.
But in our experience, that’s not true.
Investors tend to update things like kitchens and bathrooms every 20 years.
So Washington Brown has come up with the Building Allowance Maximiser report, and it’s the only one of its kind.
What it does, splits the building allowance into different categories, based upon our research of what items wear and tear more quickly.
This means if you use our report when you replace those items or update them, you’ll be able to claim the total amount as an immediate tax deduction.
Let’s say I bought a property 20 years ago with a kitchen that cost $10,000 to build.
Now, because it’s halfway through its 40-year life, I’ve only claimed 50% of its depreciation, which is $5000.
When I remove it today, using Washington Brown’s new report, I’ll be able to claim the remaining 50% as an immediate tax deduction.
Many property investors are only aware of the 2.5 per cent building allowance deduction applicable to residential buildings. However, some buildings qualify for a full 4 per cent.
What’s so good about claiming a 4 per cent building allowance? Well, the higher the deduction, the less tax you have to pay.
The building allowance is one of those “non-cash deductions”. This means you don’t have to fork out cash to claim it. You already did when you purchased the property.
For example – if your house was built for $250,000 and the plant and equipment was $30,000 – this leaves a Division 43 claim of $220,000. At 2.5 per cent annually, this amounts to a $5500 deduction. At the 4 per cent rate, the claim is $8800 per year.
Ways to claim the building write off allowance
Here are four ways in which you can claim the 4 per cent building allowance:
- Purchase a residential property (eg. house or unit) where the construction commenced between July 18, 1985 and September 15, 1987.
- Purchase a property that falls into the category of “short-term traveller accommodation” (eg. serviced apartments) where construction commenced after February 27, 1992.
- Purchase a manufacturing building where the core activities qualify under Section 43-150 of the ITAA 1997.
- Buy a commercial, industrial, manufacturing or serviced apartment built within the “window of opportunity”. This is for any building (not residential) with a construction commencement date between August 22, 1984 and September 15, 1987.
Get a quote for your building allowance today.
Option 1 – Building Allowance Tax Deduction
Many investors specifically target residential property commenced between July 18, 1985, and September 15, 1987.
Not a bad strategy – but time is running out. Why? Well, if you do buy a property built in, say 1986, it means that 19 years of its useful 25 years have been eaten away (from 2005 to 1986). This means you can depreciate the residual for the next six years at 4 per cent. This is OK for now, but the window is rapidly closing.
However, if you buy a property where construction commenced in 1988, you still have 23 years to depreciate the property, at 2.5 per cent. So the amount of time you wish to keep the property is one factor to consider.
Determining the construction commencement date can be tricky. The commencement date is defined as the date the footings were poured. Local councils generally keep records of this inspection, but not always. Remember, this is an event that occurred close to 20 years ago.
It’s not always practical to go to the local council and retrieve these documents whenever you are interested in a property.
Online programs such as Corelogic can give helpful information about the original settlement date of the property. Some people then work backwards one year as an approximation before approaching the local council.
Option 2 – Short term traveller accomodation Building allowance Rate
If you purchase a unit that can be defined as “short-term traveller accommodation”, you may be able to claim a 4 per cent building allowance.
ATO ID 2003/513 has provided a more precise definition of what can now be defined as short-term travellers accommodation. Unfortunately, it’s not good news for investors, as most serviced apartments fall back into the 2.5 per cent category. If your serviced apartment has a kitchen, you should be claiming 2.5 per cent, not the 4 per cent building allowance – unless you own 10 in the same building.
Some investors expect to receive the 4 per cent building allowance because they own a holiday house and have it fully furnished. But this type of accommodation does not fit into the category.
The construction needs to have commenced after February 27, 1992, to be eligible. This type of investment generally has the highest depreciation claim as a proportion of the purchase price. This is partly due to the higher building allowance and because these types of investments have more plant and equipment in them. They generally have lifts, pools and also are often fully furnished.
But a high depreciation schedule does not necessarily make a good investment. Many people have been burnt in the past buying these types of investments based upon the available tax deductions.
Claim the building allowance today with a property depreciation schedule quote
Option 3 – Industrial Building allowance
Purchase a building that qualifies under the industrial activities of s43-150 of the ITAA 1997. According to s43-150, certain core activities will be eligible for the industrial building for a 4 per cent write off.
But not all industrial buildings qualify. More than likely, if you have purchased a single factory in a complex of 50 factory units, it’s unlikely your building will be eligible.
However, if your building is refining petroleum, freezing primary products, printing, canning or bottling, it might qualify.
Other operations that qualify include buildings in which items are brought in or maintained in the condition they are sold. For instance, recently, we claimed this allowance for a major car manufacturer on the property where its vehicles were serviced.
Learn more about Industrial Warehouse Depreciation
Option 4 – Window of Opportunity Building Allowance
Option 4 refers to the “window of opportunity” – August 22, 1984, to September 15, 1987.
A building allowance is a tool the Government can use to stimulate growth within the economy. The stimulation must have been high on the agenda during this period, as any non-residential building which commenced construction at this time qualifies. This is the only period where an office building or suite qualifies for the 4 per cent allowance.
Surely there must be some downside in claiming the 4 per cent building allowance? Well, there’s no such thing as a free lunch.
There is one downside – any amount claimed under Division 43 will need to be factored in when calculating your capital gains tax liability. This rule generally applies to assets acquired after July 1, 1997.
But under the principle of “a dollar, today is better than a dollar tomorrow”, coupled with the CGT relief allowed, it’s still worth the exercise, especially to higher-income earners.
Use our free Building Allowance Calculator to work out how much you can claim today.