Some people prefer to invest in brand-new properties while others opt for older properties that they can renovate and resell for profit. So, which is the better investment strategy? New vs old property?
Depreciating New Properties / Houses
Let’s have a look at some of the pros and cons of buying brand-new properties and almost-new properties. And depending on your property investment strategy, you may pick up some helpful property depreciation hints for your next property purchase.
Buying new property will help investor cash flow due to greater tax depreciation benefits. Property tax depreciation benefits are at their greatest when the property is brand-new. With brand-new property you maximise your available property tax deductions which adds a significant boost to your cash flow position.
Depreciation allowances for new properties can yield big tax breaks. Investors can claim a 2.5% depreciation allowance on the construction cost of new property. Plus you’ll also be entitled to claim the full amount of depreciation allowances on plant and equipment items, such as blinds, ovens, carpets and air-conditioners, which will all be brand new.
By way of example, the owner of a brand-new property, Melbourne, high-rise unit recently purchased for $440,000, was able to claim $12,000 in depreciation in the first year.
View the video below to learn more about how new property can lead to thousands more in depreciation deductions, when compared to older properties.
How the property depreciation changes affect buying brand new property versus second hand property.
Let’s look at this in actual finite depreciation details. If you look at depreciation Table 5.1 below, you’ll see the net effect of the cost of owning a property broken down into three examples:
• a brand-new property;
• a property built between 1987 and 2016; and
• a property built before 1987.
At the time of writing this book in 2017, the middle column is 2016 because it’s one year prior to the current year. This highlights that the property is second-hand and you will be acquiring previously used assets if you purchase it now. If you’re reading this in 2019, the middle column will be 1987 to 2018; one year less than the current year.
The depreciation assumptions are the same for every property: each one will generate a weekly rental income of $700 over a 52-week period, which works out at $36,000 per property.
Furthermore, the interest rate is 5.5 per cent on each property on borrowings of 80 per cent of the purchase price – that’s an annual interest bill of $33,000 which is the same to illustrate the net effect on depreciation property.
Each depreciating property will have other expenses at 1.5 per cent of the purchase price, which makes $11,250 annually for each property. Now, you could argue that property built before 1987 could have higher expenses, but for ease of comparison we’ve kept the same rate.
So, it’s the same depreciating scenario for each property with the net outlay before depreciation of $7,850.
Now, here’s where things get interesting, what about the property depreciation?
- In a brand-new property, the depreciation in year one is
- For the property built between 1987 and 2016, it’s $4,000 because all you claim there is the structure of the building; and
- For a property built before 1987, the depreciation is $0.
Depreciation on a brand-new property
You can see that the total tax loss on the brand-new property is quite high at $22,850. If you are an investor who is paying tax at a marginal tax rate of 37.5 percent and you’re making a loss of
$22,850, you will receive a tax cheque back from the ATO to the tune of $8,455 – and that’s cash in hand.
However, you have physically paid out $7,850, remember? You’ve been paying $605 a year to own that property – so the net return is $12 a week positive cash flow.
Next, let’s look at the property built before 1987. Again, you have physically paid out $7,850 over the year to hold the property. You can’t claim any depreciation on your investment, so the total tax loss continues to be $7,850. If you are in the 37 per cent income tax bracket, there will be a tax return of $2,905.
Given that $7,850 has been paid out and there’s a tax cheque of
$2,905, it’s cost you roughly $5,000 per year to own. That’s just under $100 per week to own a property built before 1987.
Depreciation on a second-hand property built between 1987 and 2017
Using the same variables, if you bought a property built between 1987 and 2017, your annual tax loss would be $11,850, so you would receive a tax refund of $4,385 (providing you are in the 37 per cent bracket). Your cash outlay was $7,850, so your annual cash outlay is $3,465. That means your weekly cash flow is negative $66, but you’ll still eventually realise a capital gain over the medium to long term.
As you can see, there are depreciating pros and cons of buying brand-new and almost-new properties, depending on your investment strategy.
Furthermore, buying brand-new property often carries the developer’s profit, which you pay for in the purchase price. If you buy something ‘newish’ – say a five to ten-year-old property – there is a fair chance that it has been bought and resold a few times. Therefore the value is now reflected in a more realistic way on the open market.