Let’s talk about bricks and mortar. Or what the Government calls the Building Allowance.
Whilst you can no longer claim depreciation on plant and equipment in second-hand investment properties, that’s the things like ovens, dishwasher etc.
You can still claim the structure of the building, that’s the bricks, concrete, windows, tiling, etc. provided the residential property was built after 1987.
And these costs typically represent about 85% of the construction cost of the property.
And that’s good news, but I want to turn it into great news!
Up until now, when you ordered a depreciation report, quantity surveyors give you a lump sum total for your building allowance, based on the government’s guidelines that these items last approximately 40 years.
But in our experience, that’s not true.
Investors tend to update things like kitchens and bathrooms every 20 years.
So Washington Brown has come up with the Building Allowance Maximiser report, and it’s the only one of its kind.
What it does, it splits the building allowance into different categories, based upon our research of what items wear and tear more quickly.
Which means, if you use our report, when you replace those items or update them, you’ll be able to claim the full amount as an immediate tax deduction.
Let’s say I bought a property 20 years ago, with a kitchen that cost $10,000 to build.
Now, because it’s halfway through its 40-year life, I’ve only claimed 50% of its depreciation, which is $5000.
When I remove it today, using Washington Brown’s new report, I’ll be able to claim the remaining 50% as an immediate tax deduction.
You can use a SMSF (self-managed superannuation fund) to buy an investment property in Australia. However, this has previously been quite difficult. Many lenders would not allow SMSFs to borrow money, which means they had to fund the full purchase themselves.
However, that changed after the 2017 Budget. Now, a self-managed super fund can borrow the money needed to fund the purchase of an investment property in Australia. As a result, those who previously couldn’t afford to use their SMSFs to buy an investment property in Australia now have a pathway to do so.
The first thing to remember is that you shouldn’t set up a SMSF solely to buy a property. However, having it available makes sense for a lot of small business owners. After all, a business owner can occupy the SMSF’s investment property in Australia, as long as they use it for business purposes.
However, managing an SMSF takes a lot of time and hard work. To help you along, we’re going to show you some of the secrets of using an SMSF for property investment.
You’ll need some money in your SMSF before you can use it to buy an investment property in Australia. How much will depend on your situation, but as a rough guide you should aim to have $200,000 available.
This will help you to cover the deposit and the fees associated with taking out a home loan. Furthermore, you’ll probably have some money left over for diversification. This is important, as investing only in property could come back to bite you if the market crashes.
The funds should come from every SMSF member. You don’t have to fund the entire thing yourself.
Know How Much You Can Borrow
Most lenders are still quite wary of lending to SMSFs. That shouldn’t come as a surprise, as many have only just started doing so following the 2017 budget. As a result, it’s unlikely that you’ll be able to secure a home loan with a loan to value ratio (LVR) above 80% of the home value.
In fact, most lenders prefer to offer 50% LVR on SMSF loans. Having a 50% deposit available for your investment property in Australia increases the lender’s confidence and puts the property closer to being positively geared.
Of course, you need to make repayments on the home loan once you’ve secured it. This is where the self managed super fund can really help an investor. You can use your super contributions, which you can deduct from your taxes, to make the repayments. The same goes for any rent or other payments that the SMSF receives.
As a result, you often won’t need to spend any of your own money to repay the home loan. Better yet, you can deduct quite a large portion of the repayments from your tax bill. Of course, it’s best to work with a tax professional to ensure you set up the correct structure for this.
The Tax Benefits
Let’s look at the tax benefits of buying an investment property in Australia using an SMSF in more detail. For one, the fund only has to pay a maximum tax rate of 15% on any income the property generates.
However, the bigger benefits come if you choose to sell the property. Assuming the SMSF has held the property for at least one year, you only have two-thirds of the capital gains tax (CGT) you would have paid on a property you personally own.
Better yet, both of these tax contributions disappear if the SMSF keeps the property until its members start claiming their retirement pensions. As a result, retired SMSF members can benefit from the property’s income, without having to pay any tax. They also receive larger lump sums if the SMSF sells the property because they don’t have to pay CGT.
Can Everybody Do It?
Property investing using an SMSF sounds appealing, and it can provide you with a lot of benefits. However, it’s not for everybody.
As mentioned earlier, you should avoid using your SMSF to invest in property if it doesn’t have a large sum of cash available. Diversification is crucial when investing, so you don’t want to be in a situation where your SMSF relies only on the property’s income. A lost tenant or property market crash could cause major problems.
Furthermore, those on low incomes should think twice about investing using an SMSF. Remember that you have to make regular SMSF contributions. These contributions benefit you when it comes to your taxes, but they’re also long-term benefits. You may struggle in the short term if you don’t have the money to make regular SMSF contributions.
The 6 must-know takeaways from these budget changes:
For residential property, you will only be able to claim depreciation on plant and equipment items (ovens, dishwashers etc.) when you buy a brand new property.
You will still be able to claim the building allowance (bricks, concrete etc.) on any residential property built after 1987.
If you bought a property built prior to The Budget on the 9th of May, 2017 when the changes were announced, you are not affected in the slightest.
There is no change at all to commercial or other non-residential property.
If you personally buy any item for your property after the settlement you can still claim the depreciation on that particular item.
Perhaps the most interesting point: Whilst investors purchasing second-hand property can now no longer claim depreciation on the existing plant and equipment, they will have the benefit of paying less capital gains tax when they sell the property, by claiming any unclaimed depreciation as a capital loss.
Moving forward, property investors will have a choice of ordering a building allowance report only, a CGT schedule or a combination, from Washington Brown.
Investment risk and uncertainty in the real estate housing market
It’s tough being a property investor sometimes.
Where is the best place to buy? Is now the right time to buy? Will the property market crash? Has it peaked? These questions and many, many more like them can make investing in property seem a little overwhelming.
This is certainly not helped by the media. Newspapers only seem interested in selling stories about the property market going through a “boom” or writing about the possibility of a forthcoming crash.
Sensationalist headlines like “Australian Property Market Certain to Crash” to sell newspapers have become so common across most mainstream media.
Why is this a problem? Well, you see, Australia is a big place. No singular property market exists. The country is made up of many, many individual, diverse and not-necessarily interlinked property markets.
You try telling someone who paid $800k for a property in the mining town of Moranbah that is now worth $100k, that the property market hasn’t crashed yet!
Recognising the above leads me to discuss the two main markets in Australia, the Sydney and Melbourne property markets.
I can think of many reasons why the Sydney & Melbourne property markets are set for major corrections and I can think of many reasons why they aren’t.
I guarantee you that if I could find five experts to argue that these two markets are stable and will continue to grow, I could find five experts who believe a crash is imminent.
Having said that, I’m going to tell you my number 1 reason why these markets won’t crash.
Wait for it. Drum roll, please…
The number one reason the Sydney & Melbourne Property market won’t crash is….
IT’S TOO BLOODY OBVIOUS.
You see, you don’t see market crashes coming. Yet, every day at the moment I can find an article predicting that the end is nigh.
How many of you sold all your stocks just before the GFC? In hindsight, it was pretty obvious that was coming. Seen the movie the Big Short?
Any of you sell all your tech stocks before the crash?
Remember the Asian economic crisis in 1997…did you see that coming?
Well, I didn’t.
With daily comments warning that an oversupply of apartments is coming, it’s TOO obvious to predict a Sydney & Melbourne market crash.
However, there is one BIG caveat on this reasoning and it relates to gearing.
If you have bought a property in the last year or so and are borrowing or have borrowed more than 80% you may see a crash.
Why? Well for you, the market only needs to go down 10% and you have lost 50% of your hard earned money. That’s a crash in anyone’s language!
If you have borrowed sensibly and have bought in a good location, you certainly have less chance of facing a market crunch.
For many of us, living in a grand harbourside mansion with all the bells and whistles is a pipe dream. It’s a fairy tale world for the rich and famous.
But it seems there are many wealthy buyers out there for luxurious properties. Consequently, Australia’s prestige property market is reportedly performing well.
Recent sales back up this assertion, with record prices recently being set in both Melbourne and Brisbane. As well as in individual suburbs within these cities and in Sydney.
A four-bedroom mansion at 9 Towers Road in Melbourne’s inner eastern suburb of Toorak that sold at the end of last year for $26.25 million set a record for not only for Melbourne, but for Victoria.
Meanwhile in Brisbane a five-bedroom house with city and river views at 1 Leopold Street in Kangaroo Point, just east of the CBD, just sold for a record $18.48 million.
In Sydney last year four waterfront homes in Vaucluse were purchased for a total of $80 million by Leon Kamenev, the co-founder of Menulog, with many other double-digit sales taking place throughout the year.
Prestige property prices rose by more than 11% in Melbourne over 2016. With Toorak being the best performer, recording more than 30% growth, according to Domain. In Sydney and Brisbane prestige prices rose by 15.3% and 7.4% respectively.
What is a prestige property?
What constitutes a ‘prestige property’ differs across markets. But in the major metropolitan markets it’s generally considered to be property worth at least $2 million.
In Sydney, where median prices are the highest in Australia at $880,000, the prestige market is considered to start at around $3 million.
Once upon a time property over $1 million was considered to be high end. In many cities this is no longer the case, with medians creeping higher.
In many inner-city suburbs, $1 million will now only buy you a pretty standard house, not a mansion!
It’s the rich, but not just the famous, buying in this market.
There are plenty of local buyers looking for lifestyle. But there has also been an influx in foreign buyers and expats. This is due to uncertainty created overseas by the election of Trump and Brexit, as well as the falling Australian dollar.
It’s not a huge part of the market, with these properties said to make up just 5% or less of the overall market in Australia, but it’s a growing part.
In fact, CoreLogic research shows that the number of sales above $2 million has more than tripled in the last ten years, driven by Melbourne and Sydney.
Are investors in this market?
Your average mum and dad investor can’t afford to splurge on a prestige property. It’s predominantly an owner-occupied market, although there are properties in the top end of the market that are tenanted.
Those looking to invest in the top end must do their research to make sure they don’t overcapitalise. While also buying something likely to experience capital growth.
It can be hard not to overpay due to an absence of comparable properties to determine the value. Many vendors also stick to unrealistic sale prices since they’re usually not forced to sell.
Properties situated in the inner ring of capital cities often fit the criteria for capital growth, as there is no shortage of demand. Lifestyle areas can also be a good bet for growth; they’re becoming popular again with people increasingly looking to work remotely or commute to work.
For resale value consider what buyers of prestige property want. They want particular attributes from the property itself. Such as impressive architecture or facilities such as a tennis court, entertaining areas or fantastical views. Then they also want to be in close proximity to amenity such as private schools.
While the number of potential buyers for your property will be smaller than that for a cheaper home, if you sell at a time when demand exceeds supply you could make a significant profit.
Just be careful since this market can be susceptible to economic fluctuations, so timing will be important.
The outlook for 2017
After suffering during the global financial crisis (GFC) the prestige market is now said to be firing in many different cities due to a return of confidence. It’s expected there could very well be more record sales this year.
This is especially the case for Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, as well as the Gold Coast. This regional city had the most expensive sale for Queensland last year. The home of former Billabong executive Scott Perrin in Mermaid Beach selling for $25 million.
Solid demand for the prestige market could outstrip the restricted supply, which means prices could be pushed up further.
Perhaps surprisingly, it can be hard for buyers at the top end to find something suitable that meets all their criteria. While there are plenty of more affordable properties for sale at any one time, the fact that there are a smaller number of prestige properties and they’re often tightly held – or sold off market – means there is far less to choose from.
Washington Brown has crunched the numbers on The Block’s latest development in Melbourne’s inner-city bayside suburb of Port Melbourne, and something just doesn’t add up.
From a financial point of view the development, which consisted of transforming a 1920s art deco building into a luxury apartment block, was one of the worst he has ever seen.
While I understand the magic of television, Channel 9 has outdone David Copperfield in creating the illusion of a profit to the public!
Let’s look at the numbers:
According to reports Channel 9 bought the site for around $5 million, which allowed for 6 apartments. Only 5 were sold on TV and for calculation purposes let’s say the acquisition costs is $4.2 million.
The construction cost and depreciation allowances totalled over $11 million, for the 5 apartments alone.
That’s $15.2 million alone in construction and acquisition costs.
It’s worth noting that under the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 the initial vendor (ie. the developer) has an obligation to pass on the actual costs of construction to the purchaser, where the costs are known.
Let’s not forget there’s then a variety of other costs involved in buying and selling, and undertaking a property development, including:
GST on the sale
Whilst some of these costs may have been avoided due to contra deals, the bulk would have to be outlaid by Channel 9.
I estimate these additional costs to conservatively be $2 million, which brings the total cost to $17.2 million.
The Block’s total sales realised just a little over $12 million, leaving the development in the red by around $5 million, yet it has been indicated that profits of up to $715,000 were made by the contestants.
That something David Copperfield would be in awe of.
You know it’s thepeak of the market when reality TV shows are pulling rabbits out of a hat to show a profit.
Whilst the contestants may have walked away with some ‘profit’, if the numbers are to be believed as shown on the show that development was a stinker.
The worry is these shows give an unrealistic expectation to would be budding renovators.
Unless you’ve been living under a rock, it’s inevitable that you’ve heard, read or watched a doom and gloom story about the unit market in the news recently.
According to the headlines there’s an oversupply, prices will crash due to the glut of new apartments coming onto the market and buyers won’t be able to complete off-the-plan purchases because valuations won’t stack up.
All of this is enough to scare any investor away from buying a unit. And if you own one you might be getting nervous right about now too, thinking your investment is in trouble.
But is it all really as bad as it seems?
Should investors steer clear of units?
The broad answer is no. While there’s no doubt that there are plenty of units being built, especially in inner Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane, and some markets are oversupplied and should be avoided, there are also others providing good opportunities for savvy investors who have done thorough research.
When we think of ‘The Great Australian Dream’ we often picture a house in the ‘burbs with the traditional Hills Hoist, but the modern reality is very different. Many people are now choosing to live in units due to the sense of community and lifestyle they offer; it’s low-maintenance living often situated close to entertainment, employment and public transport.
Location is indeed one of the big benefits of buying a unit. Along with proximity to amenities making these properties more rent-able. Which often means fewer vacancies.
Units often provide investors with better yields too, since they’re highly rentable and the buy-in price is more affordable. This affordability is, of course, the great attraction for investors.
From a set and forget point of view units are also easier since the body corporate takes care of much of the maintenance. This may result in fewer ongoing costs, depending on the body corporate contributions. And don’t forget that depreciation for units can be higher since you can claim a share of the common property.
What should you look for?
While there are plenty of advantages to buying units, if you don’t buy the right type of unit in the right location, then – like any investment – you likely won’t come out on top at the end of the day.
It’s often said that one of the major downsides of buying a unit is that you’ll get less capital growth than a house. And if you look at the overall figures that appears to ring true. According to the latest CoreLogic data, over the year to the end of August capital city house values rose by 7.2%, while units increased by 5.5%.
As seasoned investors know, however, markets are made up of many different sub-markets. These all perform differently, so taking the broad-based figures as gospel can be problematic.
Rather, what investors should be doing is drilling down to a local level and looking at the individual property they’re purchasing and the fundamentals of that market that can make it a success… or not.
So what should you be looking for when investing in units? Here are some of the factors to consider:
Supply – Demand should exceed supply in the area you’re buying in. If you see lots of cranes with massive high-rise unit blocks coming out of the ground, it’s probably a good idea to stay away.
Amenity – Unit dwellers want to be close to the action, including their place of work, entertainment options and public transport. They also desire a sense of community, with facilities onsite. If the unit you’re looking at doesn’t provide this lifestyle, reconsider the purchase.
Scarcity – You don’t want a generic unit. Find one that stands out from the crowd and has appealing features such as more floor space, a large balcony, lots of natural light, a nice view or extra parking.
Demographic – Find out who lives in the area and what these potential tenants want in a home. Is it an extra bathroom or modern kitchen perhaps?
Boutique is better – It’s often better to buy a unit in a boutique block rather than in a high rise. Not only do many tenants find this more appealing, but when it comes time to sell – and rent – you’ll have less competition. Again, the scarcity factor comes into play.
New vs old – Both can make for good investments. Older units may be overlooked, especially with so much new stock on the market, but they have their pluses, often being larger and offering value-add potential through renovation.
Street appeal – Does the building look nice from the outside? If it’s an older block consider the potential to refurbish the exterior, and identify if there are any plans to do so.
Off the plan – This can be risky, especially in the current market. Do your research into whether the value will stack up when settlement comes. Ideally you’ll have already made gains by then.
It’s not one size fits all
Although it would make life easier, unfortunately there are no hard and fast rules for investment success, including what type of property to buy.
Every property should be considered on its own merits, looking at all the fundamentals. Hence we can’t generalise and say investors should avoid all units.
There are certainly plenty of units increasing in value all over Australia, but equally there are those that are falling in value.
Do your research and you’ll get your purchase right.
Every investor – whether expert or amateur – should be looking for the same things in a property investment to ensure its success.
While there is no exact formula for buying a successful investment, it’s handy to have a checklist to consult to make sure you’re on the right track.
Below are some of the fundamentals you should be looking for when buying. Be aware that this isn’t an exhaustive checklist. However, it can serve as property investment tips that will help guide your decisions.
Property must haves:
Good location – The old adage still rings true; it’s all about location, location, location. Well, maybe it’s not all about location, but the fact is you can change a property, but you can’t change a location. Being close to amenities such as shops, schools, public transport and even major transport routes is key when it comes to selecting a good investment property.
Growth drivers – Are there any major projects taking place in close proximity to drive up the value of the property? This might be in the form of new or planned infrastructure or commercial developments that will improve amenity or access to the area. This is likely to draw more people to the area, pushing up demand for homes.
Population growth – Are people moving to the area? Look at population growth figures in the area you’re buying in. Then determine whether there are factors drawing people in, such as employment nearby and improved amenity.
Tenant appeal – Is there demand from renters in the area and for the type of property you’re purchasing? Does your property have the features tenants want? What are the vacancy rates? Demand from your target demographic is the key to securing a strong return.
Build quality – While location is key, the property you buy is important too. This is especially true if you want to attract quality tenants. Do your due diligence, which includes getting a building and pest inspection, to ensure the home you’re buying is of a good quality.
Value-adding potential – A well-selected property should see capital growth. However, it’s always a good idea to have the ability to add value through a renovation or by adding a room or a car park, for example. Value-adding potential also comes in the form of a change in zoning that will allow for development. If the market slows you may need to manufacture growth to increase your equity.
Liveability – Does the property have a good layout? Does it have the features people want, such as extra bathrooms, car spaces, security, and a nice outdoor area, whether it be a roomy balcony or a good deck and backyard? All of these things will make it more sought after. Liveability also goes for the suburb. Ensure you buy in an area with a good community due to plenty of amenity and nice aesthetics.
Individuality – A property that is unique is some way – or that stands out from the crowd – can experience strong growth as it will be in high demand amongst buyers. This is especially the case when it comes to units, particularly in areas with a lot of supply.
Scarcity – Does demand outweigh supply in the area in which you’re buying? This applies to the area in general as well as the property type. If there is greater demand than supply in terms of both buyers and renters, the property value and rental rate will be pushed up.
Low maintenance – Select a property that won’t require a great deal of maintenance. This will save you money and keep your tenants happy.
Proximity to employment – People like to live in close proximity to work, so make sure there are employment options nearby. If you’re buying in a regional area make sure there’s more than one industry in the town.
Stability – Have property prices been stable in the area in which you’re buying? Ideally you want a history of consistent growth, avoiding areas that have experienced big price falls.
A solid history – Do your research and make sure the property hasn’t been sitting on the market for a long time, and if it has, determine why. Make sure it’s not due to an inherent problem with the property. Finding out why the sellers are moving on is also important. The last thing you want is a property that isn’t selling for a good reason.
The right numbers – You want the property to stack up from an investment perspective, with good potential for capital growth and decent rental yields. Make sure the numbers add up! What is the rental yield, what are the total costs, how much will you be out of pocket for?
When it comes to purchasing property there are a multitude of factors to consider. Where should you buy? What should you buy? How much should you pay? While these are the most common questions investors will ask, perhaps one of the most pertinent questions that needs to be answered before anything else is ‘Why should I buy?’
To put it more clearly, you need to have clear goals for why you’re investing in property, and then devise a strategy to help you achieve those goals. Surprisingly this isn’t something many investors do, but it’s essential for success.
A large part of your strategy will be determining whether you need to buy properties that offer strong capital growth or rental yields.
There are those in each camp espousing their respective benefits, but which one takes precedence is often different for each investor depending on their financial circumstances. Ultimately, however, every investor should be aiming to acquire a property that offers both – not one or the other.
Capital Growth Property
Having a capital growth strategy means you’re aiming to buy a property that experiences strong growth in value over time.
A property that has the best chance of growing in value is one for which demand outstrips supply. It’ll be in high demand due to its investment fundamentals – that is, it’s in a good location, close to employment, amenity and public transport, and there are imminent growth drivers such as infrastructure projects.
Often properties with high potential for capital growth have lower yields and are therefore negatively geared, with expenses exceeding the income.
Having a high-yield strategy means you’re aiming to find a property where the rental income covers most, if not all, of the costs associated with owning it.
While the capital growth on these properties will often be lower, they won’t cost you as much to hold.
Having a strong rental return is more important than many investors realise because it enables you to hold onto a property for the long-term while you wait for capital growth. If your portfolio is too strongly negatively geared you can run into financial trouble – if interest rates rise, for instance, or you have a big unexpected expense, you’ll be forced to find more to pay out of your own pocket.
Can you have it all?
Believe it or not, you can have a property that offers both good rental returns and capital growth.
It may not be easy to find, but if you do thorough research the right property in the right location will provide both. That’s not to say a high-capital growth property will necessarily provide an investor with positive cash flow, but it may be only minimally negatively geared after tax deductions.
What you should be aiming to buy is a property that offers the best possible cash flow for the best possible growth. You need both to invest as the former will keep you in the market, enabling you to service the debt, while the latter will eventually get you out, enabling you to realise a profit.
If you can’t find a property with both capital growth and a solid yield from the outset, then find one that has all the fundamentals for capital growth and where the yield is likely to increase soon due to strong rental demand.
Your yield can also be improved through measures such as minor renovations, adding extras or even by furnishing your property (for more on this see our upcoming blog providing 13 suggestions for maximising your rental yield).
How can you decide which to prioritise?
The broad goal of property investing is to create wealth over the long term, and it’s clear that focusing on capital growth is the way to do this.
While a property investment’s yield is crucial to its success, it’s not the key to wealth creation, and when investors make the mistake of prioritising yield over growth, they usually end up losing money.
High-yielding property might seem tempting, but when you do some simple calculations it’s evident that in the long-term you’ll make more by focusing on capital growth. Not only will your property be worth more, but the rental income will also be higher. Consider the following example:
Value in 20 years
Income in 20 years
Capital growth strategy
Capital growth will also largely be the key to expanding your property portfolio;
it will give you equity, which you can leverage off to buy more real estate.
While capital growth is the key to creating wealth over the long term, you will also need to be able to service further debt with subsequent purchases, and that’s where rental yields come in.
Ideally with each purchase you’ll be aiming to have both strong capital growth and decent yields, but if you have a portfolio of properties you may also opt for balance – that is, to have some that are negatively geared and some that are more cash flow positive. The surplus cash flow from the high-yielding properties can be used to cover the costs of the low-yielding properties.
Tax deductions can also help you service debt and hold your property, minimising any shortfall between rental income and expenses.
Just how much of a shortfall you can afford will depend upon your circumstances at the time you buy. If you don’t have a great deal of surplus cash you’ll need to look at focusing on high-yielding properties so your holding costs are smaller, while someone with an adequate surplus will be able to comfortably meet the shortfall between rental income and the costs of holding the property, and will be able to focus on a capital growth strategy.
This may change over time – once you have acquired a few high-yielding properties your improved cash flow might allow you to focus more on capital growth.