Let’s talk about bricks and mortar. Or what the Government calls the Building Allowance.
Whilst you can no longer claim depreciation on plant and equipment in second-hand investment properties, that’s the things like ovens, dishwasher etc.
You can still claim the structure of the building, that’s the bricks, concrete, windows, tiling, etc. provided the residential property was built after 1987.
And these costs typically represent about 85% of the construction cost of the property.
And that’s good news, but I want to turn it into great news!
Up until now, when you ordered a depreciation report, quantity surveyors give you a lump sum total for your building allowance, based on the government’s guidelines that these items last approximately 40 years.
But in our experience, that’s not true.
Investors tend to update things like kitchens and bathrooms every 20 years.
So Washington Brown has come up with the Building Allowance Maximiser report, and it’s the only one of its kind.
What it does, it splits the building allowance into different categories, based upon our research of what items wear and tear more quickly.
Which means, if you use our report, when you replace those items or update them, you’ll be able to claim the full amount as an immediate tax deduction.
Let’s say I bought a property 20 years ago, with a kitchen that cost $10,000 to build.
Now, because it’s halfway through its 40-year life, I’ve only claimed 50% of its depreciation, which is $5000.
When I remove it today, using Washington Brown’s new report, I’ll be able to claim the remaining 50% as an immediate tax deduction.
An investment property tax deductions calculator won’t always show you everything you can claim. Many leave out the assets that go into a typical depreciation schedule. Here are the things that your tax depreciation schedule must contain.
When it comes to tax, there’s one question you must ask about your investment property: what can I claim?
There are the basics of course. Everybody looks into mortgage tax deduction. Australia is full of financial experts who can help with this issue. You may even find that an investment property tax deductions calculator can do the basics for you.
But what about property depreciation? It’s a type of deduction many investors miss, but it could save you thousands of dollars every year. Others make claims, but do so using the wrong schedule. Again, they end up missing out on thousands of dollars in savings.
You need to call in the experts. No, that doesn’t mean your accountant. Instead, a Quantity Surveyor is the professional you need to create a strong depreciation schedule.
The typical schedule will include the depreciation of capital works and equipment. However, some leave out other, less obvious, assets. Here’s what your depreciation schedule must contain if you’re to maximise your deductions.
You may have chosen a unit or apartment as your first investment property. Australia has several cities, which can make such properties a wise investment choice.
Naturally, you’ll claim depreciation on your unit’s assets. But what about the assets that it shares with other units in the apartment complex? You can claim for your portion of those too, but many investors miss out on these deductions.
Common items include fire extinguishers, air conditioning units, and lifts. You can also claim for ventilation and hot water systems. You don’t get to claim depreciation on the full value of the asset, but even a little bit can help with your cashflow.
Item #2 – Scrapped Items
Let’s assume you’ve carried out some renovations on your property. Oftentimes, you’ll have a bunch of assets left over that you no longer have a use for. Many just throw such items away, without giving them a second thought.
That’s a mistake. Old items have what’s known as a scrapping, or residual, value. This is the item’s value once it’s reached the end of its use.
You can claim a final depreciation sum on any items you intend to throw away following renovations. Such items include old appliances or carpets. Have a Quantity Surveyor create a new depreciation schedule prior to your renovations. This will ensure you catch any assets with scrapping value.
Item #3 – Common Outdoor Items
Let’s come back to shared items. It’s not just the common indoor items you can claim depreciation on. Any common items outside the apartment block itself have value to you as well.
This includes pathways, fences, and various landscaping items, such as pergolas. You may even be able to make claims on a shared swimming pool.
However, you can’t claim for all common outdoor items. For example, turf and plants won’t find their way into your depreciation schedule.
Item #4 – The Fees You Pay to Design Professionals
Did you realise that you can include the fees you pay to design and construction professionals in your tax deductions? Australia offers plenty of opportunities to build your own property. Investors often go down this route, rather than buying an existing property.
Your depreciation schedule must account for the costs of such construction work. This includes the money you paid to any designers or architects who worked on the project.
Make sure you supply your Quantity Surveyor with accurate receipts for these services. This will allow you to maximise your claim for the fees you pay.
Item #5 –Money You Pay to the Council
You may have to pay fees to the council for various services. For example, there are costs involved with lodging application fees, or getting council permits.
If you’re building your own property, you may also have to spend money on infrastructure. This might include gutters and footpaths.
Your depreciation report should include all these items. Again, this is something that many investors miss out on because they don’t think the costs relate directly to their properties.
The Final Word
Check your depreciation report again. Does it include all the items on this list? If not, you’re missing out on several Australian Taxation Officer (ATO) tax incentives for homeowners.
You need the help of Washington Brown to create an accurate tax depreciation schedule. Call us today to speak to one of our Quantity Surveyors about your property.
Depreciation and Natural Disasters: Everything You Need To Know
A natural disaster could have a devastating effect on your investment property in Australia. You may need to get a new depreciation schedule to account for any repairs you make. Here’s what you need to know.
You cannot underestimate the effects natural disasters can have on an investment property. Australia deals with such disasters, and other issues, on a near-yearly basis. If such an issue affects your property, you may have to undergo a period of rebuilding. You’ll need to replace any assets you’ve lost, and possibly renovate or rebuild parts of your investment property in Australia.
This could make you wonder how natural disasters affect your rental property depreciation rates. On the one hand, you may have to pay out of pocket to bring your property back up to code. After all, your insurance policy may not cover unforeseen circumstances. On the other hand, any improvements you make to the property improve its value. Your construction work could allow you to make more tax deductions. Australia has various regulations that ensure full compliance in such situations.
There are three situations you may find yourself in following a natural disaster. You’ll usually have to do at least one of the following:
Repair any damaged assets
Replace damaged assets that you cannot repair
Improve or upgrade an asset in the wake of the disaster
You must approach each situation differently to maximise your ability to claim depreciation. Let’s look at each individually.
Repairing Your Assets
Repairing an asset involves any work you undertake to bring the asset back to its original condition. This generally includes minor work only.
If you make any improvements to the asset, you cannot claim it as a repair. This includes any physical changes to its appearance, or altering the asset’s functionality. These are upgrades, and you must treat them as such.
So, what can you claim for when repairing an asset? It differs depending on whether you have insurance.
If you have insurance, you can claim for the cost of repairing the asset. However, you must also declare any sum you received from your insurance policy. This will have a direct effect on your tax deductions. Australia does not allow you to claim the full cost of the repair if you have insurance.
However, those without insurance can claim the full cost. This is because you won’t have received any help in making the repair.
Replacing Your Assets
On the face of it, replacing an asset seems simple. If you can’t repair your previous asset, you must purchase a replacement. You can then claim for this replacement on your tax returns.
However, the issue of improvement comes into play again. The asset you purchase must have the same specifications and functionality as the damaged asset. Any improvements move the asset into the final category, which changes how you claim for it. Simply put, if the replacement isn’t like-for-like, it’s an improvement.
If you have insurance, you have to make several adjustments to your depreciation report. You have to account for both Capital Allowance, and Individual Depreciable Assets.
Those without insurance must scrap the depreciation value of the previous asset. Replace this with the new forecast for the replacement asset.
Making Improvements or Upgrades
Anything that improves the original asset is either an improvement or an upgrade. This includes changes to appearance and functionality. You may also have to claim on the asset as an upgrade if it has different specifications to the original asset.
So, how do you handle the depreciation? If you have insurance, you take the same action as you would when replacing an asset. Adjust your depreciation report to account for the Capital Allowance. Don’t forget the Individual Depreciable Assets either.
If you haven’t got insurance, you must get arrange a new depreciation forecast for your improved asset.
Working with a Quantity Surveyor
In all cases, work with a Quantity Surveyor to make your adjustments. These professionals will help you to forecast your depreciation tax deductions. Australia is home to many Quantity Surveyors, so do some research before selecting somebody.
The role your Quality Surveyor plays depends on your previous actions. If you had your property assessed before the disaster, your surveyor will make minor adjustments to your previous report. This costs less than a full report.
However, you will need a full depreciation report if you didn’t already have one. This takes some more time and money. However, the report will ensure that you claim all the depreciation you’re eligible for.
The Final Word
A Quantity Surveyor can help you to maximise your depreciation claims after a natural disaster. Arrange a survey as soon as possible to ensure you don’t lose more money than you have to.
Washington Brown maintains a team of expert Quantity Surveyors. Contact us today to find out more.
Before starting your career as a property investor, you need to arm yourself with more than the property investment basics. If you don’t, you may end up making some costly mistakes.
Investing in property is more difficult than you might think. It’s certainly a more reliable way to generate an income than other types of investment. However, that doesn’t mean that there aren’t any risks involved. In fact, approaching property investment without a plan could result in you losing a lot of money.
As a result, you need to learn more than the property investment basics before you move forward. There are all sorts of mistakes you could end up making when investing in property. For beginners, these mistakes could lead you to financial ruin.
Mistake #1 – Using Emotion to Make Decisions
Think back to when you bought your first home. What were you looking for? Most buyers look for something that draws them to the property. They may have specific features in mind, or they fall in love with the décor.
This leads to them making decisions based on emotion. This is fine when buying for yourself, but it causes major issues when buying investment property. Australia has millions of people who don’t think like you do. They’re your potential tenants, so you have to buy with them in mind, rather than yourself.
Basing your decisions on emotion means you may spend too much on the purchase. It also blinds you to what your prospective tenants would want. Instead, you need to think about the needs of your target market. If the property doesn’t cater to them, move onto the next opportunity.
Mistake #2 – Failing to Manage Your Cashflow
While the property investment basics often cover how to find a good property, they don’t always focus on issues like cashflow. The fact is that property investment is a business. As a result, it comes with the same pitfalls as operating a business.
You need to understand all the additional costs that come with your property. For example, you have to account for how much the property will cost when it’s unoccupied, as well as when it has tenants. Unexpected maintenance can also place a burden on your finances. Of course, there’s also the issue of tenants failing to pay on time. All these problems affect your cash flow.
Many investors recommend holding back a tenth of your property’s value to cover such issues. If you don’t, you may find that the unexpected costs lead to failure. An investment property cashflow calculator could help you to stay on track.
Mistake #3 – Going it Alone with the Mortgage
You may think you can handle the stress of finding a mortgage for your investment property. However, this is usually a mistake.
Going it alone often means that you miss out on some of the best financing options. Remember that lenders want what’s best for them, ahead of what’s best for you. The wrong financing can come back to bite you later on. You may end up paying more interest than you ought to. Or, you may not have access to special loan features that could help you.
As a result, it’s best to work with a mortgage broker when searching for a home loan. Their expertise may prove invaluable. Plus, they can often provide access to mortgage products you wouldn’t find on your own.
Mistake #4 – Not Finding Out About the Seller
The seller’s situation will affect how you approach negotiations. However, many investors don’t even try to find out more about the seller.
Most sellers won’t give you a direct answer if you ask why they’re selling their property. However, that doesn’t stop you from looking for clues. For example, you can use your property inspections to look for signs of poor maintenance. This often suggests that the seller is undergoing some personal or financial hardship.
You can use this information to strengthen your negotiating position. It may seem cruel, but remember that investment is a business. Don’t allow your emotions to prevent you from getting a great deal.
Mistake #5 – Not Doing Adequate Research
The need for research is one of the property investment basics. However, plenty of investors fail to learn as much as they can about the property market before spending their money.
Reading a book or two won’t equip you with the knowledge you need. You have to learn about the specifics of the property’s area to stand any chance of success. Talk to local estate agents and people in the surrounding neighbourhood. Research property prices to ensure you’re getting a good deal. Most importantly, find out what the area has to offer that might appeal to your tenants.
This will take time, but it’s worth it. Quality research lowers your risks, which increases the chances of achieving success.
The Final Word
Many novices make some critical mistakes when entering the property investment sector. They only read about the property investment basics, which results in them crashing and burning. In the end, they end up losing thousands of dollars.
You must avoid these mistakes. Furthermore, you need to consider the tax implications of owning an investment property. That’s where Washington Brown can help. Speak to a Quantity Surveyor today to find out more about claiming for the depreciation of your assets.
Many see granny flats as an easy property investment. For beginners, they offer the opportunity to start investing, without spending too much money. As with any investment property, you must remember to claim for the depreciation of your assets.
Tons of people like the idea of buying an investment property. Australia offers plenty of opportunities, but many struggle to get over the initial financial barrier.
You may find yourself asking how to invest in property with little money. A granny flat may be the answer. They cost less than most other types of investment property. Plus, you still get to claim for the depreciation of the property’s assets.
So, what are granny flats, and how can you claim for their depreciation? This article will help you to answer those questions.
What is a Granny Flat?
You can think of a granny flat as a secondary home on your property. They’re usually self-contained extensions that come with a lot of the features you would expect in an apartment. The difference is that the granny flat is on your land. As a result, you have far more control over it.
Most people build their granny flats behind their properties. After all, the back yard is a perfect space to extend into. The flat itself will usually contain the following:
A general living space
This makes them ideal for all sorts of tenants. The name “granny flat” should tell you that they’re perfect for elderly tenants. However, that’s not the only use for this type of investment property.
Australia is full of young people who view granny flats as an affordable way of achieving their independence. Your own children may find the idea of moving into a granny flat more appealing than staying at home.
They’re also a cheap way to enter the investment sector. On average, a granny flat costs about $120,000 to build. In return, you could enjoy a yield of up to 15% on the property.
Do I Face Construction Restrictions?
You do, and they depend on the state you build the granny flat in. Each has its own rules with regard to size. For example, a granny flat cannot exceed 60 metres squared in New South Wales. However, you can build up to 90 metres squared in the Australian Capital Territory.
Exceeding these limitations changes the status of the granny flat. This could have an effect on how you claim tax deductions. Australia has several states, so you need to get informed before you start building.
Claiming Depreciation on Granny Flats
There’s one key question you must ask when buying an investment property: what can I claim? Granny flats are no different. Just because you’ve built the property on your land, doesn’t mean that you can’t claim depreciation.
As a secondary dwelling, a granny flat must produce an income before you can claim depreciation. Assuming that’s the case, you can claim depreciation for capital works. These include the wear and tear the structure undergoes during its lifetime.
You can also claim for plant & equipment depreciation. In a typical granny flat, this means you can claim depreciation for the following assets:
The hot water system
Air conditioning units
Curtains and blinds for the windows
A range of kitchen appliances and assets
The bathroom’s freestanding assets
You can also claim depreciation on the areas the granny flat shares with your home. For example, you could claim for a pool or a patio, assuming the tenant uses these assets.
As you can see, that covers a lot of ground. In fact, research suggests that you could claim over $5,000 in depreciation on a granny flat for the first year of ownership. This figure increases to almost $24,000 over the first five years. That’s about one-fifth of the value of the average granny flat, in just five years.
The Final Word
As you can see, granny flats offer high yields and plenty of opportunities to claim for depreciation. That’s why they’re considered one of the best options when it comes to property investment for beginners. Manage the flat correctly, and it could generate thousands of dollars in income in a short time.
However, you need help to create a full depreciation schedule. Without the help of a Quantity Surveyor, you may end up failing to claim for the full depreciation of your assets. Contact Washington Brown today to get a quote for a granny flat depreciation schedule.
Find out What Capital Works Are and How You Can Claim Them
Not all people buy an investment property in Australia and leave it just the way it is. Many invest in improvements, so they can charge more rent to tenants. Buying a property and making improvements to it is one of the best investment property tips for beginners in its own right. But did you know there are plenty of tax deductions in Australia that you can claim for the extra features you build?
It all comes down to capital works. Also known as Division 43 of the Income Tax Assessment Act (ITAA), capital works relates to the work and materials you spent money on to build the house.
Such costs include the following:
The materials you use in construction, such as timber and tiles
New extensions, such as a garage
The construction of internal walls
Excavation of new foundations for your construction work
Improvements to the property’s structure, such as a new carport or fencing for the garden
Renovations to the bathroom and kitchen
Beyond these practical costs, you can also claim tax deductions in Australia for some of the fees associated with construction. For example, you can claim for the fees you pay to surveyors, architects, and engineers. Additionally, you could also claim for the money you spent on acquiring building permits for the work.
Can I Claim Capital Works?
It depends on your situation. Your building needs to generate income, which means it must be an investment property in Australia. If the building has produced income within one financial year of your claim, you can claim tax deductions as part of Division 43 of the ITAA.
As for your own status, it can vary. You could be an individual investor or member of a trust. Companies can also claim for capital works, as can the managers of superannuation funds.
How Do I Calculate My Capital Works Deductions?
The first thing to remember is that any valuations you have for the work are not relevant. Your capital works tax deductions in Australia must relate to the actual construction costs.
There are two rates may apply to your capital works – 2.5% and 4%. Which of these is relevant to your work depends on several factors. These include when you started construction, how you use the capital work, and the type of work undertaken. Furthermore, you have to take the amount of time the capital work generated an income for during the last financial year into account.
It’s best to speak to a professional to find out which rates apply to your capital work. Making claims you’re not entitled to could land you in trouble.
How Do I Make a Claim?
You can make claims for tax deductions in Australia on any capital works for a maximum of 40 years after the construction completion date. However, you’ll also have to provide several details in your claim, which include the following:
Information about the type of capital work undertaken
The start and end dates for construction
Information about who did the work
The actual cost of construction, which is not the same as any valuations or purchase prices you have
Information about how the capital work generated an income for you during the last financial year
Sometimes, it’s difficult to determine the actual construction costs. You may have lost some receipts along the way, which means you need an estimate. This must come from a quantity surveyor, or an independent third-party who holds similar qualifications to a quantity surveyor.
The estimate your quantity surveyor produces will consist of a schedule for all the capital works undertaken. It also creates a forecast for the tax deductions in Australia that you can claim on the work. Take this schedule and use it to complete your tax returns. Also, bear in mind that the estimate cannot come from a real estate agent or accountant. The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) will refuse your claims if your estimate comes from the wrong source.
How Does Capital Gains Tax Relate to Capital Works?
Any capital works that you claim must be taken into account if you decide to sell the property. You will use them to figure out your capital gains or losses.
You must deduct your capital works claims from the base cost of the home. The amount of these deductions will affect the amount of Capital Gains Tax (CGT) you pay. If the deductions result in you making a loss on the property, you may not have to pay any CGT.
Our Location-Based Property Investment Strategies in Australia
You need to consider much more than the state of the property when buying an investment property in Australia. The location plays just as big of a role in your decision. After all, a property in the wrong location won’t attract any demand. With no demand, you can’t find tenants. This leads to an investment property in Australia failing to generate the income you expected.
So how do you choose the right location? There are several location-based property investment strategies in Australia that you need to keep in mind.
Mapping the Suburb
You should already have a general idea of how much you’re willing to spend on your new property. If you don’t, then organising your budget should be your first step.
However, let’s assume you already know. Now’s the time to start looking at different suburbs. What you’ll find is that the majority of suburbs have what some professionals refer to as “preferred pockets”. These are areas where the demand for properties is at its peak.
If you buy an investment property in Australia in one of these pockets, you should enjoy capital growth almost immediately. However, you can also use preferred pockets as part of a long-term strategy. As preferred pockets become more popular, so do the pockets around them. You could buy in a preferred pocket, while also investing in some of the less popular pockets around it.
As your preferred pocket grows, you’ll reap immediate rewards. However, you’ll also enjoy long-term rewards as the surrounding pockets become preferred pockets in their own right.
Read the Data
It’s not difficult to find organisations that can provide you with the sales data for the area you’re considering. You can use this information to track how much prices have grown or fallen in a location. Many reports even allow you to break this down by month or year, often up to a 10-year limit.
So how can this help you? Firstly, it helps you to identify if the location is in an upswing or downswing. Ideally, you should avoid properties in areas that are about to swing downwards.
However, you could also take advantage of a downswing. If it looks like a location has bottomed out, you could buy a property in preparation for a rebound. The data will show you how likely this rebound is.
Check Infrastructure Trends
One of the best property investment tips for beginners is to track infrastructure trends across several locations. As a general rule, more infrastructure leads to higher house prices. After all, most people want to live in areas that offer easy access to amenities or the city.
The trick here is to look at what’s planned, rather than what’s already in place. Speak to local councils to find out what work may be planned in an area.
You’re looking for the “hot spots”. These are areas for which there are plans for infrastructural improvements that either haven’t started yet or are just beginning. Upon completion of those improvements, you should find that the demand for properties in those areas skyrockets. If you got in early, you can reap the rewards.
Avoid High Population Areas
This is one of the simplest property investment tips for beginners. The more houses there are in a location, the less demand you will experience.
It comes down to the basic concept of supply and demand. Property prices and rents fall whenever housing is in high supply. That’s because buyers and tenants have more room to negotiate because there are always going to be more options.
As a result, you should avoid areas with high populations. These tend to have a lot of supply, which means the demand is already met. Instead, look towards developing areas in desirable locations.
Check the Attractions
People buy or rent properties because of what the location offers as well as the property itself. This is where local attractions could shape your decision. A property that has a lot of nearby attractions will generally experience more demand than one that doesn’t.
So what is an attraction? On the basic level, you have things like creeks, beaches, and hiking trails. A lot of people like to have those things on their doorsteps, especially if they have families that they need to entertain.
However, you also need to consider the proximity of these attractions to the property. For example, let’s assume you’re buying a house near a beach. However, a freeway separates one set of properties from another. Those on the beachside of the freeway will command higher prices, often tens of thousands of dollars more than those for properties on the other side. In this example, it’s often best to invest in one of the lower-priced properties. They offer the same attractions, which means they’ll still be in demand. However, you pay less money to benefit from that demand.
You have to consider the location whenever you buy an investment property in Australia. After all, the location plays a huge role when it comes to the income you generate from the property.
Speak to professionals and find out as much information as you can. This will ensure you don’t end up buying in an undesirable location.
The fee you’ll pay for a depreciation schedule will vary. For example, you may pay anywhere between $275 and $800 for the report. This is a fairly standard price for an established residential home. All these properties aren’t brand new. This usually means you’ve purchased it from another investor or a former owner-occupier.
What causes this variances in price? It usually comes down to the quality of the service that the quantity surveyor provides. Paying less may mean that you save money in the short-term. However, it could also result in you claiming fewer tax deductions in Australia for your investment property in Australia.
The Timeline Process
You’ll need a depreciation schedule for any established investment property in Australia. This allows you to create a timeline that contains details about the property’s history. These details usually include information about the property’s renovation work. Either you or the previous owner may have carried out this work. It will also mention the cost of that work, along with the completion date.
Your surveyor does this so you can assign a new depreciation lifecycle to your second-hand assets. However, you can only do this on assets in a property that you purchased before the 2017 budget. You may not be able to claim tax deductions in Australia for a property that you bought after May 9th, 2017.
The purpose of your timeline is to show what tax deductions in Australia you can claim. It will also create a schedule for these claims. This allows you to maximise the depreciation of your second-hand assets.
What Do I Get at the Lower End of the Scale
Let’s assume that you have decided to work with a quantity surveyor who only charges $300. That’s a few hundred extra dollars in your pocket, but the schedule you receive may not be as detailed as you would like.
For example, most surveyors at the lower end of the price scale don’t usually provide the following:
The option to use low-value and low-cost pooling to increase the amount you can claim
Completion of additional searches that would have helped to find approved works that you can claim for
Full itemisation of the individual assets contained in the property
Effective valuations of your second-hand assets
Furthermore, you may find that a cheaper surveyor does not have the relevant skills or experience. As a result, you don’t get the most out of your assets. You’ll still get a depreciation schedule. However, it won’t allow you to claim as many tax deductions in Australia as you may be entitled to.
What Do I Get With a More Expensive Surveyor
More expensive surveyors tend to provide better depreciation schedules.
You’ll receive all the following if you pay more for your depreciation schedule:
A completely accurate estimation of every tax deduction in Australia you can make
Access to more knowledge with regard to the latest tax legislation
Checks to ensure your depreciation schedule meets the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) requirements
A more reliable point of contact to ask questions
Such surveyors also have more experience, which they can use to your advantage. It’s unlikely you’ll present them with any scenarios that they aren’t familiar with.
What about Brand New Properties?
That covers any second-hand assets that you have in an established residential home. But what if you’ve bought a new property? These won’t contain any second-hand assets that need reporting on.
As a result, you can expect to pay less for your depreciation schedule. This is because most newly built properties come with more information. Your surveyor can use this to create more accurate estimates. They’ll have access to the costs of construction and the value of the assets that came with the property. This means they don’t have to carry out the detailed inspections that they would to estimate the value of second-hand assets in an established home.
Even with this lower cost, you will still receive the same level of service. The depreciation report will apply the new assets the home contains to either an immediate or long-term pool. This ensures you can claim the maximum tax deductions in Australia on your property.
How Much Does a Depreciation Schedule Cost for a Commercial Property?
Prices may vary for commercial properties. After all, larger commercial properties require more work than regular-sized residential properties.
Schedules for small offices cost about the same as you’d pay for a residential report. However, the price may increase along with the size of your property. Even so, it’s worth getting a depreciation schedule. Not only will it help you with asset deductions, but you can deduct the cost of the schedule from your taxes as well.
On Friday 14th July, the Treasury Office released a draft bill regarding how depreciation deductions on a second-hand property can be claimed moving forward. They also invited interested parties to make submissions.
It’s complicated, to say the least, so I’ve tried to simplify this Bill and the key points. Here are my 9 Key Takeaways from the Legislation;
If you acquire a second-hand residential property after May 10, 2017, which contains “previously used” depreciating assets, you will no longer be able to claim depreciation on those assets.
Acquirers of brand new property will carry on claiming depreciation exactly the way they have done so to date. This is great news for the property industry and the way it should be.
We suspected this would be the case and I believe the property industry can collectively breathe a sigh of relief.
The proposed changes only relate to residential property. Commercial, industrial, retail and other non-residential properties are not affected in the slightest.
The building allowance or claims on the structure of the building has not changed at all. You will still need a Depreciation Schedule to calculate these deductions. This component typically represents approximately between 80 to 85 percent of the construction cost of a property.
The proposed changes do not apply if you buy the property in a corporate tax entity, super fund (note Self-Managed Super Funds do not apply here) or a large unit trust.
This is interesting and I suspect a lot more people will start buying properties in company tax structures.
If you engage a builder to build a house and it remains an investment property, you will still be able to claim depreciation on both the structure and the Plant and Equipment items.
If you renovate a property that is being used as an investment, you will still be able to claim depreciation on it when you have finished the renovations.
If you renovate a house, whilst living it in, then sell the property to an investor, the asset will be deemed to have been previously used and the new owner cannot claim depreciation.
Perhaps the most interesting point: Whilst investors purchasing second-hand property can now no longer claim depreciation on the existing plant and equipment, they will have the benefit of paying less capital gains tax when they sell the property.
How? Well, in summary, what you would’ve been able to claim in depreciation under the previous legislation, now simply gets taken off the sale price in the event you sell the property in the future.
Here is an example of how this will work:
Peter buys a property in September 2017 for $600k, included within the property was $25k worth of previously used depreciating assets.
As they were previously used, Peter can’t claim depreciation on those items.
Peter sells the property in 2022 for $800k, which included $15k worth of those depreciation assets.
Peter can now claim a capital loss of $10k ($25k-$15k) for the portion that Peter has not claimed in depreciation.
SUMMARY OF THE PROPOSED CHANGES
In my view, the Draft Bill could’ve been a lot worse for both the property industry and the Quantity Surveying professions.
It will certainly address the integrity measure concern of stopping “refreshed” valuations of plant and equipment by property investors.
It may, however, create a two-tier property market in relation to New and Second-hand property.
You can see the ads now “Buy Brand New – We’ve Got The Depreciation Allowances”.
It will still be just as critical for all property investors to get a breakdown of the building allowance & plant and equipment values so you can:
Claim the building allowance (where applicable) and
Reduce the CGT payable when selling the property by deducting the unclaimed Plant and Equipment allowances.
The Quantity Surveying industry, just like the property development industry just breathed a huge sigh of relief.
I believe this integrity measure could’ve been better addressed and will be making a submission accordingly.
But it wasn’t a bad ‘first run’ by the Government!
P.S. If you purchased an investment property prior to The Budget, and it’s been an investment property the whole time, you are not affected and you should get a depreciation schedule quote now.